Solar panels in Colorado. (AP photo).
What will Obama do when goals collide?
ASK THIS | January 12, 2009
Going green is indeed one way to create jobs. But it can also lead to higher food costs, higher fuel costs and the erosion of property rights. Public Citizen's Tyson Slocum wants to know Obama's views on the various tradeoffs involved.
Third in a series of questions for the new administration from a wide range of experts.
By Tyson Slocum
There’s no doubt that investments in mass transit and other "green" activities will help job creation and start America down the needed path to a more sustainable energy future. But as Jeffrey Ball wrote in the Wall Street Journal in November, some of the numbers being bandied about may be exaggerated. (See: "Does Green Energy Add 5 Million Jobs? Potent Pitch, but Numbers Are Squishy”)
Q. Should job creation be the primary goal of "green" investments, or do we need to rethink goals of energy investments? Should the goal of stimulus be job creation or should it concentrate on energy affordability and consumer empowerment? For example, billions of dollars could fund rebates to help families afford to install onsite solar panels, make energy efficiency retrofits to their homes (weatherization, etc), purchase more energy efficiency appliances and automobiles. Jobs would be created, but the immediate priority would be on incentives for households to use energy more efficiently and generate their own power.
President-Elect Obama has emphasized so-called "flexible fuel vehicles" that can run on 85% ethanol as a way to help end our "oil addiction.” But flex fuel vehicles may not be the panacea that proponents claim. After Congress in 2005 mandated the blending of 7.5 billion gallons of ethanol into motor gasoline by 2012, and in 2007 increased that figure to 15 billion gallons by 2022, corn prices shot through the roof, raising food prices. Second, there are already tens of thousands of flex fuel vehicles on the road, and a tiny fraction of them actually run on E85. Giving incentives to automakers to produce flexfuel vehicles would be a boondoggle. And the United States now produces as much ethanol as Brazil, but we're not closer to gaining energy independence.
Q. Should Obama rethink his devotion to ethanol, now that the election is past?
According to the National Surface Transportation Infrastructure Financing Commission, an increase in the gas tax is necessary to avoid shortfalls in transportation infrastructure financing.
Q. Is Obama willing to consider increasing the gas tax?
Now that it is clear that the scientific community has consensus on the need to address climate change, the question remains: what policy will achieve emissions reductions? The consensus strategy is to adopt a so-called cap-and-trade system, where industry greenhouse gas emissions are capped at a certain level, and industries can "trade", or purchase, more emission credits if they exceed their allowance. Industries exceeding their allowance, such as the electric power sector, would then pass these compliance costs on to consumers in the form of higher prices.
Q. Will Obama support raising energy prices during an economic recession to meet emissions goals -- or will dealing with climate change take a back seat to economic recovery? What alternatives to high prices -- such as mandating stricter efficiency standards for appliances, buildings and vehicles, and implementing renewable energy mandates and incentives – would he support using in place of cap and trade systems?
There is much talk about the environmental benefits of a so-called "smart grid". But American 5th Amendment property rights mean that it can take a decade to site such transmission-line projects.
Q. Will Obama support weakening traditional property rights for the sake of quickly siting infrastructure to help bring "green" energy to the market?
01/13/2009, 10:43 AM
It would cost the equivalent of 60 cents a gallon to charge and drive an electric car.The electricity to charge the car could come from solar or wind generated electricity.If all gasoline cars,trucks,and suv’s instead had plug-in electric drive trains, the amount of electricity needed to replace gasoline is about equal to the estimated wind energy potential of the state of N.D.This past year the high cost of fuel so seriously damaged our economy and society that the ripple effects will be felt for years to come.Why not invest in setting up some alternative energy projects on a national basis, create clean cheap electricity,create millions of badly needed new green collar jobs, and get out from under our dependence on foreign oil.What a win-win situation that would be. There is a great new book out called The Manhattan Project of 2009 Energy Independence NOW by Jeff Wilson. I highly recommend this book for anyone interested in alternative energy. www.themanhattanprojectof2009.com ...